Access Criteria for Parks & Trails

– Is reached by an accessible path of travel
– Has level or ramped entry
– Entry door has at least 32″ clearance (typical ramp)

– Identified by the international access symbol and has an adjoining access aisle
– Located on a firm and stable surface
– Is level or on a slope not greater than 2 percent

– Accessible path of travel
– Entry and stall doors have at least 32″ clearance
– Has 5′ x 5′ turnaround space
– Has grab bars on back wall and at least one side
– Has clear space for lateral transfer
– Toilet height is 17″-19″
– Roll-under sink has knee clearance at least 29″ high and 30″ wide

– Path of travel is firm and stable
– Located on a level, firm, and stable surface
– At least 27″ knee clearance
– Seating is either at end of table or on the sides

Has level access onto the pier and at least a 32”pathway. Safety regulations require that railings be 42”, which may limit views and fishing access from a seated position.

Has an accessible path of travel to the playground and is located on a firm and stable surface as approved by the Access Board. May or may not have accessible play structures.

The following categories are not based on any access codes or technical assessments; rather, they were developed for the purpose of this website and are therefore somewhat subjective. Measurements were not taken for trail grade; we relied upon the researchers’ years of experience using ramps.

The grade of ramps and inclines is measured by a ratio. A typical ramp is 1:12, meaning that the slope rises 1” for every 12” of length. Gentle slopes are less than or equal to 1:12, while steep slopes, by varying degrees, are greater than 1:12. We assigned each trail one of the following classifications:

– Gentle (1:12 or less, manual chair can negotiate)
– Mostly level or gentle (has at least one steep section)
– Steep (> 1:12, power chair and someone with good upper body strength can generally negotiate)
– Very steep (dangerous without assistance)

– Hard: Paved, boardwalk, asphalt, brick
– Firm: Hardened soil, decomposed granite with stabilizer
– Moderately firm: Gravel or dirt mix with firm underlayment. May be problematic for manual wheelchairs but not motorized wheelchairs/scooters.
– Soft: Wood fiber, loose gravel, loose dirt. Problematic for manual wheelchairs and possibly for motorized wheelchairs/scooters.
– Very Soft: Wood fiber, loose gravel, loose dirt. Problematic for manual wheelchairs and possibly for motorized wheelchairs/scooters

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